Eide: Conference on Cyprus will be "historic"
UN Secretary General Special Adviser Espen Barth Eide has said that the conference on securities and guarantees being held tomorrow is “historic.”
During a press briefing on Wednesday he said: “What is happening tomorrow is historic, and whatever the outcome it will be historic.” Eide added that it is the first time the guarantor powers of Cyprus’ security (Greece, Turkey, and the UK) will be meeting with the Cypriots on this issue.
The three guarantor powers (Greece, Turkey, and the UK) were charged with keeping the peace on the island and between the two communities, an agreement later used as an excuse for the Turkish invasion of 1974.
SECURITY AND GUARANTEES
Greece, Turkey, and the UK are the three guarantors of Cyprus’ security, as per the London-Zurich Agreement signed in 1960, which established the Republic of Cyprus as an independent state.
Article four of the Treaty of Guarantee states that Greece, Turkey, and the UK will consult together if there is a breach of provisions of the agreement. “In so far as common or concerted action may not prove possible, each of the three guaranteeing powers reserves the right to take action with the sole aim of re-establishing the state of affairs created by the present Treaty,” Article four states.
Regarding the meetings held today, which focused on the territorial adjustment issue, Eide said that a very productive morning session had been held.
He added that in the past 48 hours “much has happened” between Greek Cypriot leader Nicos Anastasiades and Turkish Cypriot leader Mustafa Akinci.
“We have dealt with some of the most difficult issues, and touched upon almost all of them,” Eide said. He added that many of the issues have been solved, while others are close to be being resolved.
“If the issues we had brought to Geneva were easy, we would not be here,” he said.
The UN Special Adviser said that there is still work to do and that the experts on various chapters are meeting constantly.
Eide said that all parties will work late tonight, so that everyone is prepared for the meeting with the guarantor powers tomorrow.
Asked to comment on the conference tomorrow, Eide said that he was “happy” the Foreign Ministers will be attending the meeting. He added that it is “quite normal” to see a procedure such as this begins at a high level, continuing at the highest level.
SigmaLive English is following developments in Geneva as they unfold.